The Vineyard, Richmond
  An Online History for residents, their families and friends

 

 Present number/name

Pre-1936 number/name

Pre-1893 number/name  

 
Bishop Duppa's Almshouses
 
Bishop Duppa's Almshouses
 
Bishop Duppa's Almshouses

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Bishop Duppa's Almshouses

   

Bishop Duppa's Almshouses

 1661

Bishop Duppa founded the almshouses for 10 unmarried women over 50 years of age. They were first built on Richmond Hill at the corner of Friars Stile Road.

Brian Duppa was Bishop of first Chichester, and then Salisbury. He had been Chaplain to Charles I and tutor to the future Charles II. He had remained at Richmond Palace with him until the Civil War. Deprived of the See of Salisbury during Oliver Cromwell's time, Bishop Duppa lived in Richmond – in a house now occupied by the Old Town Hall.

At the Restoration in 1660, he was made Bishop in 1661 of Winchester but continued to live in Richmond.

According to an article in the Richmond Herald of 16 Dec 1911,  

The rules laid down by Bishop Duppa in the foundation of the charity eliminate:- 

 

·         “any person suffering from any contagious disease 

·         thieves 

·         common drunkards 

·         any inmate found to be married” 

 

The rules also included the following provisions:-  

 

·         “that none of the poor being of ability to do work should at any time be idle but should always be employed in God’s prayer, or reading, or in other employment such as spinning, knitting or the like 

·         that no tippling house should be kept within the said almshouse under pain of expulsion of each person as should keep it 

·         and if any of the poor should be found unseasonably or intemperately tippling in any common alehouse, for the first offence she should forfeit 4d; for the second offence 12d; and for the third offence should be expelled from the said almshouse for ever” 

 

Once over the doorstep, the residents had to wear “a gown or coat made of a substantial cloth and of a colour called Bishop’s blue”. If any woman sold her gown within a year of receiving it, she was thrown out.  

 

  1852

Rebuilt in The Vineyard, next to Queen Elizabeth's almshouses. The land there was provided by the owner of Downe House who wanted to extend his garden into the original site.  

Gateway rebuilt from original site

Gateway to Bishop Duppa's Almshouses   

 Dedication

 Main portal:

In  

Memoriam auspicatissimi 

Reditus 

Caroli secondi ad suos 

Hoc ptochotrophium 

Ad honorem Dei et 

Levamen pauperum 

Etrui Curavit 

BDE Winton 

Regi 

AB Eleemosunis 

Anno Domini 

1661 

English translation

In
memory of the most fortunate
return
of Charles II to his people
Bishop Brian Duppa of Winchester
erected this memorial
to the honour of God and
as relief for the poor
by the charity of the king
Anno Domini
1661

 

 Frontal Arch

Deo et Carolo
Votiva Tabula

 

I will pay the vows I made to God in my troubles

 1861

Census shows occupants as: 

1 Ann Hadway, 73, formerly Milk Woman
2 Mary Thomas, 57, Needlwoman
3 Ann Lockyear, 66, Landeress
4 May Ann Hawkin, 72, Needlework
5 Phoebe David, 72, Weaver
6 Catharine White, 78
7 Elizabeth Hogg, 82
8 vacant
9 Ann McGuire, 71, Formerly servant
10 Sarah Puzey, 80, Formerly servant

 1871  Census: 11 'recipients of alms', 3 nurses and a grand-daughter.
 1881  Census: 10 almswomen, 2 with daughters, one with a grand-daughter.
 1891  Census: 11 pensioners, 1 daughter, 1 grand-daughter, 1 nurse.
 1901  Census: 9 pensioners, 3 daughters, 1 sister, 1 nurse.
 1911  Census: 10 pensioners, 1 sister, 1 nurse.
 1940  Bomb damage in 1904   2 houses damaged by a bomb
 1949

  Rebuilding of damaged almshouses 1-10

Page 2

 1950  Plan for additions to provide bathrooms
 1950

 Grade II listed:

1850 by Thomas Little.
Founded in 1651 and rebuilt on this location. Jacobean style in grey brick and stone. Five houses on either side of a central archway leading to garden at back. Most of left side restored following bomb damage.
Square headed windows, with recessed mullions 2-light to first floor, 3-light to ground floor. Cornices above ground floor and first floor. Parapet conceals roof. Stone strapwork finials at intervals along parapet. Central gate arched, with rusticate head; flanked by applied rusticated Doric half columns, and surmounted by pediment on
inverted consoles, bearing inscription. Prominent chimneys, with sharp angles to road.

 

http://www.richmond.gov.uk/local_history_almshouses.pdf

 

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